When writing an essay, report, dissertation or other piece of academic work the key to referencing is organisation, keep notes of the books and journal articles you have read, the websites you have visited as part of your research process there are various tools to help, your university may be able to provide you with some. Remember that these rules apply to all the different sources of information you have used, for example: a lecture or tutorial, books, journal articles, web sites, newspapers, a television programme, a friend's essay if you think about where you found your information and reference your work properly, then accidental. Notes on essay writing: format, references and bibliography introduction these notes are presented for general use to show the formal standards expected in your essays some of the comments and advice may seem elementary, but if you do not know basic principles, these notes should help. For instance she went to the ocean with her best friend to soak up the sun ( seashell) or she went to the ocean(seashell) with her best friend to soak up the sun also do you put a year or page number with the in text citation. In apa style a references page (also known as a reference list page) is a separate page at the end of your paper that includes all of the sources that you've cited throughout your paper usually it is a single page of references, alphabetized by author it includes all of the essential information to guide the.
Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for mla, apa and chicago/ turabian citation styles now supports 7th edition of mla. Information on referencing guide and essay writing guide for students in the department of theology & religious studies, king's college london, university of london. There are a number of systems of referencing this guide offers guidance based on the oxford standard for citing legal authorities (oscola) - it differs in some small respects from oscola the guide also provides some reference to the harvard system please refer to your course handbook or tutors for guidance as to. What comprises a logically constructed essay in general, good essays have a clear, overarching argument that is developed and substantiated in the body of the paper sub- themes need to be related in some way to the main argument and you need to make the connections between sub-themes clear by the conclusion.
Referencing is a system that allows you to acknowledge the contributions and work of others in your writing by citing your sources a feature of academic writing is that it contains references to the words, information and ideas of others all academic essays must contain references referencing guards against plagiarism,. Write [sic] in square brackets if you want to emphasise something in a quotation that is particularly relevant to your essay, put the emphasised words in italics, and state that the emphasis is your own if the original has italics, state that the italics are in the original example 1: language changes are natural and inevitable.
If you have a great number of notes located together at the end of a long essay or thesis, it helps your reader if you indicate the pages or chapters to which they refer at the top of the page the most convenient reference to a note is numerical the number should generally be placed at the end of a sentence. When writing an essay, particularly when writing an extended essay, it's easiest to put the references whilst you write this is the case, because you still know where you got the idea from i keep a place holder to remind myself that a reference is needed if i can't remember the. The best person to ask is your instructor, to see what his or her expectations are there is no official answer, as every paper is different and has different needs and every instructor has different expectations if your instructor is not clear, here are some general guidelines: usually 3-4 good sources should be.